Why Pregnant Women Should Not Drink Fluoridated Water
What the CDC is not telling you:
When a pregnant woman consumes 2 to 3 cups of fluoridated tap water,
her fetus is exposed to a dose of fluoride that is comparable to the
"Tolerable Upper Intake Level" of fluoride for a newborn infant.
Something else the CDC is not telling women,
the results of a 2009 New York State public-heath study:
"Domestic water fluoridation was independently
associated with an increased risk of PTB [preterm birth]."
This study was never published nor was any follow-up research done,
despite the fact that 2 years earlier, the US Institute of Medicine reported:
"Those born preterm have an appreciable risk
of long-term neurological impairment and developmental delay."
Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention (2007)
by the Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on
Understanding Premature Birth and Assuring Healthy Outcomes
Chapter 11: Neurodevelopmental, Health, and Family Outcomes for Infants Born Preterm
"Many studies have documented the prevalence of a broad range of neurodevelopmental impairments in preterm survivors. The spectrum of neurodevelopmental disabilities includes cerebral palsy, mental retardation, visual and hearing impairments, and more subtle disorders of central nervous system function. These dysfunctions include language disorders, learning disabilities, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, minor neuromotor dysfunction or developmental coordination disorders, behavioral problems, and social-emotional difficulties. Preterm infants are more likely to have lower intelligence quotients and academic achievement scores, experience greater difficulties at school, and require significantly more educational assistance than children who were born at term."
Appendix B: Prematurity at Birth: Determinants, Consequences, and Geographic Variation
"Those born preterm have an appreciable risk of long-term neurological impairment and developmental delay..." Because of the continuing problem that premature birth poses in the United States, "Policy makers and the public need to be kept informed of the rapid developments in research and their implications for clinical practice and public programs and policies... that would increase knowledge and awareness of evolving strategies for the prevention of preterm birth."
The CDC (US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) has not kept the public informed about fetal fluoride exposure and water fluoridation's association with preterm birth. The agency no longer mentions "long-term neurological disabilities" on its current Preterm Birth page, as it used to:
Willful Suppression of Data by the CDC
By not providing this crucial information affecting fetuses our most vulnerable subpopulation whose health has the most consequential lifelong repercussions the CDC is guilty of "Scientific Misconduct," something the agency itself claims to prohibit. The most common form of scientific misconduct is "Falsification of data," which includes:
"Deceptive selective reporting of findings and omission of conflicting data,
or willful suppression and/or distortion of data."
The words pregnancy, fetus, fetal are not even mentioned in any of the seven pages cited in the CDC's main fluoridation page, Water Fluoridation Guidelines & Recommendations (reviewed and updated in 2017).
Suppression of Data and Findings Omitted by the CDC:
1997: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) determined that the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) of fluoride for infants is 0.10 mg/kg/day. A fetal UL was not determined but would be "significantly lower," said in the IOM, because in the unborn fetus, toxicological sensitivity increases due to active placental transfer, accumulation in the amniotic fluid, and rapid development of the brain. As intake increases above the UL, the risk of adverse effects increases. "The term adverse effect is defined as any significant alteration in the structure or function of the human organism or any impairment of a physiologically important function."
Fluoridation promoters say not to worry, because the only known adverse effect from a chronic intake of fluoride above the UL is "moderate enamel fluorosis," which the IOM selected as the critical adverse effect for infants and children. That's "because the cosmetic effects of the milder forms of enamel fluorosis are not readily apparent," said the IOM. (Imagine if tobacco promoters claimed that yellow teeth were the only adverse effect of smoking cigarettes.)
The IOM did not consider fluoride's adverse effects on the fetal GI tract or brain, despite the fact that defects in tooth enamel have been correlated with impaired brain development.
Read excerpt from Pregnancy and Fluoride Do Not Mix:
Developmental Defects Increase with Fluoride Levels in Water
2006: "It is apparent that fluorides have the ability to interfere with the functions of the brain and the body by direct and indirect means." | "There is wide variation with some correlation between fluoride concentration in maternal serum and cord blood, indicating that fluoride readily crosses the placenta. In general, average cord blood concentrations are approximately 60% of maternal serum concentrations." National Research Council
Late in the third trimester, a fetus weighs about 3 kg. When a pregnant woman consumes the CDC's recommended daily 3 mg of fluoride, her fetus experiences a fluoride intake of about 1.8 mg a dose six times the "Tolerable Upper Intake Level" of fluoride for a 3 kg newborn infant.
2006: "Toxic substances have the capacity to disrupt the development of all of the body's organ systems. The nature and severity of that disruption depend upon the type of substance, the level and duration of exposure, and most important, on the timing during the developmental process." National Scientific Council on the Developing Child
2009: The EPA's Neurotoxicology Division found "substantial evidence" that fluoride is a "developmental neurotoxicant" in the same category with arsenic, amphetamine, alcohol (ethanol), lead, and nicotine substances that pregnant women already should minimize or strictly avoid.
When a pregnant woman drinks two cups of tap water fluoridated at 1 mg/liter (or three cups fluoridated at 0.7 mg/liter), her fetus is exposed to its Tolerable Upper Intake Level of 0.3 mg of fluoride when its developing brain is most vulnerable to neurotoxicants.
The CDC's current Preterm Birth page:
"In 2015, the rate of preterm birth among African-American women (13%) was about
50 percent higher than the rate of preterm birth among white women (9%)." CDC (2017)
The CDC has long known that fluoride's
adverse effects disproportionally affect African Americans:
"Fluorosis was more severe among non-Hispanic black children
than among non-Hispanic white or Mexican-American children." CDC (2005)
Water Fluoridation: an Environmental Justice Issue
Current data shows that water fluoridation disproportionately harms low-income and minority communities. In response to this data, a growing number of civil rights advocates have begun calling for a moratorium on fluoridation programs. Fluoride Action Network (2017)
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"In 2013, about one third (36%) of infant deaths were due to preterm-related causes ." CDC (2017)
Fluoridated Water and Infant Deaths
Comparing a state's percentage of fluoridated water with its infant and neonatal death rates reveals that the more-fluoridated states have 9 to 19% greater infant mortality rates than the less-fluoridated states:
The CDC is failing to honor its Pledge to the American People:
3. "Base all public health decisions on the highest quality scientific data that is derived openly and objectively."
4. "Place the benefits of society above the benefits to our institution."
Entrenched in decades of pushing water fluoridation, at this point the CDC is trying to save face more than health, as demonstrated by the irrational science it peddles to sell fluoridation.
An international problem: New Zealand's Chief Science Advisor demonstrates
a blatant suppression of data with regard to fetal fluoride exposure.